Ukraine is a country in Eastern Europe bounded on the north by Belarus, on the north and east by the Russian Federation, on the west by Poland and Slovakia, on the southwest by Hungary, Romania and Moldova and on the south by the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov.
The total area of Ukraine is 603,700 square kilometers. The country's border is 7,698 kilometers long. The population is 44 million. Eighty percent are Ukrainians. The remaining 20 percent are Russians, Byelorussians, Jews, Crimean Tatars and Moldavians.
The largest religion denomination is Christian. There are two branches of the Orthodox Church - Russian and Greek Orthodox.
Ukraine's main river, the Dnipro, flows through the central part of the country into the Black Sea in the south.
Ukraine has mountains - the Carpathians are in the western part of the country. The highest peak in the Ukraine is Mt. Hoverla, at 2,061 meters. the Carpathian Mountains suitable for skiing (modern ski resorts were recently built), hiking, fishing and hunting in summer.
The coastline on the Black Sea and Azov's Sea are very popular summer destination for vacationers. Ukraine has vineyards where they produce native wines, ruins of ancient castles, historical parks, Orthodox and Catholic churches as well as a few mosques and synagogues. Kiev, the country's capital city has many unique structures such as Saint Sophia Cathedral and broad boulevards. There are other cities well-known to tourists such as the harbor town Odessa and the old city of Lviv in the west.
Most of Ukraine is in a temperate climate zone. Average temperatures in winter range from - 8 to 2 Centigrade (18 to 36 Fahrenheit) and in summer range from 17 to 25 Centigrade (67 to 77 Fahrenheit).
Ukraine declared itself an independent state on Aug. 24, 1991, after decades of being part of the Soviet empire.
To try to stimulate economic growth, it has opened its doors to foreign tourists, business people and investors.
As a tourist destination, Ukraine is a gem. To start with, it is a fascinating and reasonably priced country to see. Visitors can explore the richness of the country's history and culture through excursions to churches and architectural monuments that date back a thousand years. They can also relax and recuperate the health resorts throughout the country.